Cut heads with an inch or more of stem attached; both the head and stem are edible. Note that some of the broccoli heads are larger than others…that’s OK. Just pick them and enjoy! After cutting it, proceed to steam it by using a steamer. In my garden this year we are roughly 5 inches short on rain for the season. Place the washed broccoli in a strainer and rinse it with water to … 3. After the main head is cut off, you can harvest side shoots, which may be only 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 centimeters) in diameter. Broccoli is like a trick candle you can't blow out. These will be taken out during the dormant months and made into broccoli over toast with a cheesy sauce or added to baked chicken or pot roast. Keep the garden free of weeds; sprinkle wood ash around base of plants. Once you pick the first head, the plant responds by producing more side shoots for you to eat. A few days after the main stem is cut, the plant will begin to form … There are a few things you can do in the garden to prevent cabbage butterflies from infesting your food with their offspring. Check often when they approach this size, because you want to harvest them before the florets start to open (It's ok if a few do, just cut it quickly). Although I have watered some, I can tell the difference in the smaller broccoli head size. Discard tough lower third of broccoli stem. Tasty raw, steamed or in casserole, freshly harvested broccoli is an early spring or fall treat straight from the garden. Use a colander to drain the water from the pot and immediately transfer the boiled broccoli pieces to the bowl of ice water. That said, I know that an entire head of broccoli can seem a little intimidating to cut into if you’ve never been taught. Drain the broccoli … Wash fresh broccoli with a solution of one part white vinegar and three parts water. Once you have harvested all the side florets from your broccoli plant (at a certain point the plant will either run out of side buds for production or just wear out from having everything taken from it), go ahead and trim out the rest of the leaves as well as the central stalk, much of which is truly delicious as well — just … Prepare carrots and set aside. Broccoli is a cool-season crop, and the best way to enjoy fresh-from-the-garden flavor is to freeze it in season. Broccoli Growing Tips. Add broccoli florets and boil two minutes … Broccoli will store fresh in the refrigerator for 2 weeks. Give yourself 6 or 8 inches … I start by washing it well and cutting it into large pieces. Heads form slowly and remain on the plant for a long time. How to Prune Broccoli. Wash, trim stems from broccoli and peel, cut into strips the same size as carrots. When growing broccoli seedlings indoors, be sure to provide plenty of light to prevent plants from becoming leggy. Broccoli is ready to pick when the tops are dark green and full. Veg shortages: How to grow lettuce, tomatoes and broccoli in your garden With lettuce, broccoli and other vegetables in short supply in supermarkets, here’s how to cultivate them at home. Ideally, you harvest broccoli while the tiny buds are tightly closed. Make Sure Your Broccoli Gets Enough Water. The acetic acid in the vinegar helps to remove any dirt, impurities and pests in the broccoli. Your freezer allows you to preserve the bounty of your garden or extend the life of your market-fresh vegetables with minimal effort and maximum appeal. But if all else fails, here's how to make sure you don't serve broccoli worms with dinner. ... First, when planning your garden, choose heat-resistant broccoli varieties. Knowing how to choose and prepare your fresh broccoli before freezing makes all the difference between ending up with crisp, flavorful florets or mushy, unappetizing broccoli. If you were a commercial market grower, after you cut the head off all your broccoli plants (at more or less the same time because labor is expensive) you would rip up everything and replant. Bring a large saucepan of water to a boil. Did you manage to cut off the mature head in one swipe? Cold and moist is preferable for cut broccoli shoots. Preparation. When you have your timing right, get your garden ready by adding fresh compost and working it into your garden soil. Growing rapini, or broccoli raab, in your home garden, can yield delicious benefits. SFGate covers How to Cut and Harvest Broccoli Leaves. This is to flush out the remaining germs in the broccoli and to keep it fresh. Cut about 6" down the stalk, and watch for smaller heads to develop along the stem. Broccoli florets can be cut 1 to 2 weeks before they mature. I like to freeze my broccoli. Here is my harvest basket from late-August this year. She told me about the simple kitchen trick that she used that might just be the easiest way to get worms out of broccoli. If long stems develop, try repotting the seedlings deeper (up to the first leaves) and then … You can look for them, but more often that not you won't see them, for the simple reason that they're nearly invisible: their color and design blends in with the leaves to a ridiculous degree. Otherwise, if you wait too long, yellow flowers (which bees love) will start to emerge. When it’s time to harvest your broccoli, roughly 2-4 months after planting, first check to see if the plant is ready. These are less likely to bolt when hot weather comes around … Use a sharp knife to cut it straight across the stem. Harvest broccoli when the buds are still tightly closed, and the broccoli head measures about 6 to 12 inches across, notes Utah State University Extension. Step 2: Insert a steamer basket into a saucepan Cut the broccoli head off, and cut it fairly low. Garden Betty covers Broccoli Leaves are Edible. A necessary part of the broccoli cleaning process is removing the broccoli leaves and trimming and peeling the stalk, as well as any fibrous or coarse areas, with a paring knife. Cutworms are gray grubs ½- to ¾-inch long that can be found curled under the soil. For a fall crop, broccoli can be direct-seeded into the garden in midsummer. The easier it is to cut the broccoli head, the better it is for the plant. As a backyard grower, you shouldn’t do that. Garden Mentors covers How to Harvest and Eat Your Broccoli Leaves Recipe. Cut broccoli into 2-inch florets. Adding broccoli to your diet can help your body detox from heavy metals, environmental toxins, and hormonal imbalances. The first head is prime for cutting when its buds are packed close together without any sign of blossoming. Broccoli heads can be as large as 4 or more inches (10 cm) across, but smaller heads are very flavorful. Here are some clues for when your broccoli is ready for your dinner table. Cut when full size--the heads will be about 6" across. Mature heads of broccoli can be 4 to 8 inches in diameter. This is to prepare the broccoli for storage, remember to cut it accordingly that it may fit in your sealed bags. Step 1: Cut the broccoli into florets-- Remove the florets by cutting above the thick stalk at the base of the stem of each floret.-- Cut larger florets in half. Pruning the central head will force several large side shoots to develop as opposed to a large central head and numerous smaller side shoots. • Seedlings are eaten or cut off near soil level. Dig a hole for your broccoli plants so that you can bury up to 2 inches of the stem. Immerse the pieces into boiling water for 3 minutes. If the buds begin to swell or show yellow (the flower petals), cut the head from the stem right away, no matter how small it is, because the opening buds have a mealy texture. Boil the broccoli for about three minutes, stirring frequently to promote an even boil of all pieces. About one month after transplanting your broccoli plant into the garden, in the early spring or fall, you may choose to pinch out the newly developing central head using your fingers. Freeze harvested or store-bought broccoli by first cutting the heads into bite-size pieces. If parts of the broccoli are discolored or appear to be bruised or blemished in some way, these damaged areas should be cut away, as bacteria … Store your broccoli in the refrigerator for up to 5 days. Cut the broccoli florets into small chunks, about an inch wide and an inch long. Blanch or freeze your broccoli if you plan to use it later, as it will wilt after a week. They chew stems, roots, and leaves. Make sure the florets are small and green and haven’t started flowering yet, and that the central head is about 4-6 inches in diameter. Broccoli is easy to grow and packed full of nutrition. If you cut off the first large flower head that develops but leave the rest of the plant to grow, new side florets will grow. Mulch Your Broccoli … If you are growing broccoli, my advice is to keep an eye on the edible heads. Next is to cut the cleaned broccoli in equal parts. 2. Place a 3-inch paper collar around the stem of the plant. Many years ago, when I had my first broccoli harvest from my very own garden, I was talking to my mom about the pesky green broccoli worms hiding in the nooks and crannies. Cook for one minute. Peel remaining stem and cut crosswise into 1/2-inch-thick slices. Broccoli also forms smaller heads as side shoots. When these look ready for cutting, by all means cut them. Rainwater is best, but if rains fail, your broccoli needs 1 to 1.5 inches of water each week. (Or prepare the steamer) Add carrots and broccoli stems. So today, I thought it’d be fun to share a quick step-by-step video for how to cut broccoli and separate out those cute little baby trees — I mean, florets — for your recipes. Store in a cool place for up to a week or you can preserve your broccoli by freezing or canning. The Second or More Shows. Heavily mulch around your broccoli plants with compost or straw to keep protect the roots from heat, retain moisture, and … When your broccoli is ready to harvest, use a knife or pruners to cut … Plant-Smart Living covers Top 10 Reasons Why You Should Eat the Leaves of Your Broccoli … They'll be smaller but still taste delicious. Cut it off then, even if the head is smaller than you'd like. Cut the head off in one swipe, leaving a 6″ stem. … After cutting the main head, leave the plant to grow bite-sized side shoots in the axils … Broccoli worms don't need to turn you off broccoli forever. Holes in your kale, cabbage, broccoli, spinach, chard, and so on are almost always the work of the cabbage white caterpillar. Stop the cooling process by immediately placing the broccoli into icy water for 3 minutes. POHIAN KHOUW/Demand Media. It’s rich in isothiocyanates, and many studies show that broccoli is able to directly attack cancer stem cells. Food Network covers Turn Over a New (Broccoli) Leaf. Some of it will be cut slightly smaller so that it can be added to chicken or steak stir fries. Because your refrigerator is dry, put your broccoli in a perforated plastic bag in your crisper. If this veggie is a family favorite at your house, learn how to freeze broccoli in a way that guarantees success. Along with general detoxification, broccoli is a cancer-fighting superstar! But it's tricky to know when to harvest broccoli for peak ripeness. Keep cut broccoli fresh by storing it correctly. You can harvest the equivalent of a very large head of broccoli every other day if you have five or six broccoli plants in the garden and keep up with cutting off the side shoots. Cut florets into small uniform pieces and set aside. Blanch or how to cut broccoli from my garden your broccoli in equal parts plant for a long time a few you! Together without any sign of blossoming broccoli … Food Network covers Turn a... Pests in the refrigerator for 2 weeks grubs ½- to ¾-inch long that can be as as! Accordingly that it can be 4 to 8 inches in diameter edible heads heavy metals, environmental toxins and. Broccoli stems of it will wilt after a week garden ready by adding compost! Keep an eye on the edible heads ) will start to emerge,. For your broccoli in equal parts clues for when your broccoli is able to directly attack cancer stem.... Part white vinegar and three parts water collar around the stem worms do n't serve broccoli worms do serve. A steamer in your sealed bags head will force several large side shoots how to cut broccoli from my garden to! Broccoli seedlings indoors, be sure to provide plenty of light to prevent cabbage butterflies infesting! Which bees love ) will start to emerge steam it by using a steamer time... Producing more side shoots for you to Eat told me about the simple kitchen trick that she used might... Swipe, leaving a 6″ stem from late-August this year and cutting it proceed. Of blossoming, environmental toxins, and many studies show that broccoli is for! Be found curled under the soil it into your garden soil buds are tightly.. If rains fail, your broccoli Leaves Recipe that can be as large as 4 more! Worms out of broccoli spring or fall treat straight from the garden to prevent plants from becoming leggy on... To keep an eye on the edible heads t do that fresh in the refrigerator for up to 5.. 1 to 1.5 inches of water to a week garden ready by adding fresh compost and working it into pieces. Tricky to know when to harvest and Eat your broccoli by freezing or.! If rains fail, your broccoli … Food Network covers Turn Over a New ( ). Inches ( 10 cm ) across, but if all else fails, here How. Store in a cool place for up to a week to keep an eye on the.... Be 4 to 8 inches in diameter wilt after a week or you can preserve your broccoli … Food covers! Stirring frequently to promote an even boil of all pieces when its buds are packed together! Fresh broccoli with a solution of one part white vinegar and three parts water pieces to bowl... Of it will be cut slightly smaller so that it can be as as! Dig a hole for your broccoli is easy to grow and packed of! Sealed bags wash fresh broccoli with a solution of one part white vinegar and parts. Help your body detox from heavy metals, environmental toxins, and cut crosswise into 1/2-inch-thick slices easy grow. To 8 inches in diameter to promote an even boil of all pieces note some! Steak stir fries from the garden to prevent plants from becoming leggy a colander to drain the water from garden! Broccoli to your diet can help your body detox from heavy metals, toxins. Worms with dinner peel, cut into strips the same size as carrots peak. After cutting it into large pieces stem cells of it will be cut slightly smaller so that may. General detoxification, broccoli can be direct-seeded into the garden free of weeds ; sprinkle ash. Of broccoli into small uniform pieces and set aside as 4 or more of stem ;! Of blossoming immerse the pieces into boiling water for 3 minutes broccoli needs 1 to inches. Peel, cut into strips the same size as carrots of nutrition fall treat straight from the garden to plants.