via rat urine – into mouth, eyes or wounds. Some infected dogs do not exhibit any signs of sickness, and some have a low and temporary illness and recover spontaneously, while others develop severe disease and death. Leptospirosis happens worldwide, however is most prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas. Its’s worth knowing that the organism, normally found in water, is rapidly destroyed by light and temperatures above 20ºC, so does not survive long in bright sunlight. Leptospirosis in dogs can be a dangerous and life-threating disease. Zoonotic disease leptospirosis in dogs is referred to, the disease caused by leptospira bacteria. When we look at how dogs get leptospira we need to understand the lifecycle. The information in this article is predominantly concerned with the serovar Copenhageni. These gram-negative aerobic bacteria measure between 0.1 and 0.2 µm wide and 6 to 12 µm long. Avoid your self and your puppy form the contact of the infected dog’s urine. How do dogs get leptospirosis? In some puppies, the symptoms appear very mild. Leptospirosis is a disease caused by a bacterial infection which can lead to severe kidney and liver damage in dogs and can be spread to humans. Vaccinations are available that protect against the common leptospirosis strands. Canine Leptospirosis. The initial vaccination is given to healthy dogs 10 weeks of age or older followed by a booster three to four weeks later. This doesn’t mean that treatment can’t be started immediately, it just means it may take a while before the vet is able to determine the cause of the signs the dog is showing. People and animals can get infected through contact with contaminated urine, water or soil. The bacteria that cause leptospirosis are spread through the urine of infected animals, which can get into water or soil and can survive there for weeks to months. It’s important to speak openly to your vet about your finances, the cost of treatment, as well as what you think is best for your dog. Leptospirosis can affect many animals, from wild to domesticated. How can my animal get leptospirosis? If left untreated, the disease can be deadly. Scaringly, for those dogs that went undiagnosed, it is possible that they were asymptomatic but still be a source of infection for humans and other animals. Introduction of the organism through skin woun… We can prevent leptospirosis by limiting contact we and our pets have to sources of infection, and by vaccinating our dogs. If you have spent any time searching the Internet, then you will likely notice there is still a prevailing belief that the leptospirosis vaccine has a high reaction rate. The bacteria that cause leptospirosis are spread through the urine of infected animals and can survive in water or soil for weeks to months. If your dog spends a lot of time playing in ponds or lakes or drinking out of puddles or standing water, he may be at risk, depending on the incidence of Leptospirosis in your area. Provide clean, fresh tap water for your dog when you are out and about, Avoid letting your dog drink from stagnant ponds and puddles, Feed your dog off the ground in areas where rats may be living. If left untreated, the disease can be deadly. Office: 215 Wigram Rd, Annandale, 2038 Sydney, NSW Australia Phone: +61240171300 Email: [email protected], Dive straight into the feedback!Login below and you can start commenting using your own user instantly. Leptospirosis in dogs prevention Clean the environment. There are actually several different variations, which are also known as serovars, and the presence of these varies depending on where in the world you are, your geographical location. What is Leptospirosis. Your dog can contract the organism through direct contact with another infected animal, by eating infected meat or most commonly through contact with anything that has been contaminated by the urine of an infected animal. Sick dogs can require intense supportive care to get them through the early severe stages of leptospirosis. They can also get it through contact with urine of infected animals. How do people get leptospirosis? Exposure to or drinking river, stream or lacks water infected with Leptospira. How do dogs get leptospirosis? In Australia, the maintenance host of serovar Copenhageni is the domestic rat whereas the serovar Australis is carried by the rat and some native marsupials. How much amoxicillin for dogs is safe? For Young puppies, the vaccines are given when they’re 12 weeks in age and second dose again between two and four weeks later. Most dogs are infected by direct contact with urine from an infected animal. They can also get it through contact with urine of infected animals. But what is this disease? In some dogs, the bacteria develop a severe condition; some can develop a mild and transient illness while some dogs do not show any signs of illness. Dogs occasionally experience side effects soon after getting these vaccines. A healthy dog can also be infected from a dog suffering from Leptospirosis. How dogs get leptospirosis is the bottom line. A healthy dog can also be infected from a dog suffering from Leptospirosis. Ingesting the bacteria could make them sick. There are several strains that occur in different locations and tend to affect certain species more than others. It can cause kidney and liver failure, and in severe cases it can be fatal. We call diseases that can affect humans a zoonotic disease, and leptospirosis is an important emerging disease that we are seeing a lot more of. Working dogs, dogs that live near wooded areas and dogs that live near farms are at an increased risk of acquiring leptospirosis; however any dog can be affected. Her expertise is in equine, small animal and mixed practice as well as pharmaceutical consultancy. Your dog is at higher risk of catching leptospirosis if they live on a farm, regularly kill rodents, or spend a lot of time swimming. Leptospira bacteria are most commonly transmitted through the urine of infected animals. There are actually several different variations, which are also known as serovars, and the presence of these varies depending on where in the world you are, your geographical location. Dogs Live near farms, wooded areas and farms. In dogs, signs of leptospirosis include pyrexia (103-104° F), shivering, muscle tenderness, anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, and increased thirst. How do dogs catch leptospirosis? How Do Humans Get Leptospirosis from Animals? The signs and symptoms of Leptospirosis in dogs may vary from breed to breed and dog to dog. How do dogs get Leptospirosis? Many of the tests have problems with respect to sensitivity, specificity and repeatability. This urine can get into the soil, mud, and standing water (like puddles, ponds, streams, and lakes), and survive there for weeks to months. Otherwise, other animals in the area could be at risk of contracting the condition. It can lead to potentially fatal infections of the kidney, liver, brain, lung or heart. Leptospira die quickly on dry surfaces - even if those surfaces … Leptospirosis is a contagious disease that can affect both humans and animals. Here are some ways that you can help protect your dog: Leptospirosis vaccination is not part of the core vaccination program for many regions in Australia as it is in New Zealand. People and animals can get infected through contact with contaminated urine, water or soil. but rather by any of a number of different serovars (types) within this bacterial genus. So proper prevention is most important for both dog and dogs owner. Leptospirosis is spread through the skin or mucous membranes via contact with infected tissue, urine, blood or other bodily fluids, except saliva. What to do if your dog gets leptospirosis. Dogs become infected with Leptospirosis by drinking contaminated water from puddles or by swimming in stagnant water. Prevention and Treatment. Many different kinds of wild and domestic animals carry the bacterium. Dogs with other health issues or weak immune system ware high at risks and are advised to get revaccinated every year. Leptospirosis is a rare bacterial infection we get from animals. If your dog drinks street water, they could be lapping up the leptospira interrogans. Leptospirosis is … The epidemiology and clinical syndromes present in other countries may not be the same for Australia or New Zealand. Dogs may also be infected through the bite of, or by eating, an infected animal. Symptoms of Leptospirosis in Dogs . It is caused by bacterial serovars of Leptospira interrogans, a member of the spirochaete family. Although any breed of dog can get leptospirosis, herding dogs, hounds, and working dogs tend to be the most commonly affected. How Do Humans Get Leptospirosis from Animals? What animals get leptospirosis? If invited to walk always use a dog leash. The rat population is a source of Leptospira for dogs. Therefore, dogs with a higher potential for exposure to contaminated water and exposure to wild animals and their urine are at a greater risk. X-rays and ultrasound examination is Diagnosing option. Get your dog vaccinated. Vaccination for leptospirosis is an option to consider if your dog is at high risk of contracting the disease.. Leptospirosis is caused by an infection with the bacteria Leptospira. While some dogs do not show any signs of illness and the disease may go undetected. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease which can transfer from animals to humans. Leptospirosis is caused by Leptospira bacteria that rodents and other animals can transmit to animals and humans. Wild animals can carry Leptospira. Likewise, the spread daisies are low and uncommon in areas where widespread vaccination of dogs and timely treatment with the preventive measure is routine. The contact could be direct or indirect. The diseases can also be spread if the pet mucous membrane or any cut, scrape or wound come into contact with the bacteria such as soil, water, food, infected urine etc. Your dog will have the best prognosis for recovery with early and aggressive treatment. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease, meaning it can be passed between animals and people. In the article, we briefly discuss the Leptospirosis in dogs. This will ensure you have all the support you need to care for them. Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that can affect many animals including wildlife, rodents, dogs and people. It affects dogs but can also infect a wide variety of domestic and wild animals as well as humans. In some dogs, the symptoms appear quickly within a few days and can also recover from the illness quickly or later. Leptospirosis vaccine side effects in dogs: How do dogs get Leptospirosis? Leptospirosis in Dogs Dogs can catch Leptospira bacteria from water or soil that is contaminated with infected urine from rodents and other wild animals. The signs that a dog who is infected with leptospira may show are very non-specific. It’s double feared because it’s a zoonotic disease; in other words, you can get it too. How do dogs get Leptospirosis? In rare cases, the disease can be passed from the mother dog to the puppies. Leptospirosis is common in rural areas due to the lake of awareness, proper vaccination and timely treatment is ignored in such areas. Any dog that has been diagnosed with azotaemia and/or hepatobiliary disease that has been in contact with farmed livestock and/or rodents we need to consider leptospirosis as a cause. In the past, leptospirosis in dogs was primarily seen in canines that lived in rural areas, wet areas or areas with wildlife traffic. The mild stage starts from the beginning of sign and symptoms. This is test is able to detect the presence of leptospires in blood and urine. If your dogs are nearly diagnosed with the disease, make sure proper care and treatment. When we look at how dogs get leptospira we need to understand the lifecycle. There are over 20 different strains (serovars) of this organism. Leptospirosis can be transmitted to people through cuts and abrasions of the skin, or through the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and mouth with water contaminated with the urine of infected animals. 6 Reasons Why do dogs twitch when they sleep? Most dogs contract Leptospirosis by drinking stagnant water or from soil that’s contaminated with the urine or feces of infected animals. With proper and regular vaccination and early treatment, you can protect your dog from the severe condition of the illness. Copyright 2014 - 2020 YourVetOnline | All Rights Reserved |, Testimonials- Pet Owners Share Their Online Vet Love, Leptospirosis in Dogs: The Disease That Kills. Leptospirosis is most often transmitted to dogs through mucous-membrane (mouth, nose or eye) contact with the urine of infected animals and/or contaminated food, bedding, soil, or water. Dogs can also be infected if their mucous membrane or any wound comes into contact with the spot of the bacteria such as soil, water, food, infected urine etc. The health condition of the puppy will depend on the dog’s immune system and its ability to eradicate the disease. In some pets, it appears quickly, mild, and some don’t show any symptoms of illness. Severely infected dogs show signs of lethargy, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, fever, and increased thirst and urination. Dr Leigh Davidson is a veterinarian with 20 years experience. Dogs usually become infected by drinking, swimming in, or walking through water contaminated with the bacteria, which is able to enter the dog’s body through cuts in the skin or via the mucous membranes of the dog’s eyes, nose, and mouth. Mature dogs and adult dogs who have never been vaccinated against Leptospirosis are Vaccinated by two doses spaced apart between two to four weeks. While it has commonly been assumed that Leptospirosis was mainly a concern for our rural friends, it is becoming increasingly urban in its footprint. How do dogs get leptospirosis? What is leptospirosis? What Is Leptospirosis? Leptospirosis in dogs is most likely to occur in a warm moist environment, during rainy seasons in temperate climates and in tropical and subtropical climates. There are two common ways to develop leptospirosis: Dog’s leptospirosis symptoms are different than those in humans. Don’t let your dog drink water from standing and dirty water. Dogs can catch Lepto either directly or indirectly: Direct Exposure. Although the bacteria leptospira has a known 230 strains worldwide, roughly only 8 actually affect dogs and cats and of those, there are two that are common in the UK. Since all dogs are at risk, and leptospirosis in dogs is also a human health risk, I recommend that all dogs receive the vaccine (unless a dog has adverse reactions to vaccines). Here's what you need to know to protect your pet from Leptospirosis. The main reason being, the rat population. The disease is caused not just by one specific strain of Leptospira spp. Timing of the test is important. What happens once a dog is infected? Your doctor will see the clinical signs of the leptospiras in your animal's tissues. Indeed, some studies have found intact male dogs and working dogs to be overrepresented among leptospirosis patients.1,2 However, other studies have found similar seroprevalence among dogs of large and small breeds, both sexes, and all age groups.3,4 In addition, living in an urban or suburban environment has been identified as a significant risk factor for the develo… Skunks, rats, feral cats, raccoons, dogs and other animals can carry this bacteria. Dogs having other health issues and a weak immune system. Infected dogs do not have a high survival rate if they severely exhibit signs of leptospirosis. Leptospirosis is a disease caused by a bacterial infection which can lead to severe kidney and liver damage in dogs and can be spread to humans. For example, dogs that drink from rivers, lakes and streams are more likely to get contaminated. The severe stage is the final stage of the leptospirosis which can lead dogs to kidney and liver failure and even death. Luckily, there are things you can do to prevent leptospirosis – most importantly, vaccinating your dog. Skunks, rats, feral cats, raccoons, dogs and other animals can carry this bacteria. How dogs get leptospirosis is the bottom line. In Australia, the maintenance host of serovar Copenhageni is the domestic rat whereas the serovar Australis is carried by the rat and some native marsupials. Heightened heart rate and Problems breathing. Leptospirosis is a potentially serious disease caused by the bacterium Leptospira interrogans. Only a few and rare dogs can develop leptospirosis vaccine side effects. Serve Dogs Team Provides a comprehensive summary of Google Top twenty pages, which will help you to get all your required information effortlessly. Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease caused by a complex group of closely related bacteria of the genus Leptospira. Early use of Antibiotic and hepatic support medications, supportive care prescribed by your veterinarian can protect your dog from the severe condition. To Clean, the sheet, dirt and urine of the dog make sure to wear gloves and avoid skin contact. Tell us below in the comments, have you vaccinated your dog against leptospirosis? Leptospirosis Vaccine in dogs Break outs can occur following extreme rains or flooding. The bacteria that cause Lepto are spread through an infected animal’s urine. Your email address will not be published. RELATED | Dog-killing bacteria reported in central Indiana. However, the leptospirosis vaccine in dogs is suggested by Veterinarians. Leptospirosis Vaccine in dogs, What is IBD in dogs? The yellow appearance of the gums of this dog’s mouth is a sign of jaundice caused by liver failure. Drinking contaminated water or having contact with contaminated water or soil can lead to infection. This may mean more frequent rubbish disposal. Leptospirosis is a rare bacterial infection we get from animals. The organism is usually spread through infected urine, but contaminated water or soil, reproductive secretions, and even consumption of infected tissues can also transmit the infection. Leptospirosis strat spreads throughout a dog’s entire body. These can include, but are not limited to: How Do Dogs Get Leptospirosis? Benefits-Side effects-Dosage, Can Dogs Get Strep Throat From Humans? Spreading Leptospirosis: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the bacteria are spread through urine and other body fluids of infected animals. Dr Leigh started Your Vet Online, Australia's only 24 hour online vet service for pet and horse owners in 2015. 1 weather alerts 1 closings/delays Leptospirosis: Dog-killing disease can spread to humans, but it's easy to prevent. Always clean the environment where the dog lives and playgrounds, do not become a rat’s nest. In recent years, the main risk factors for leptospirosis have changed, and now include unvaccinated dogs, small breed dogs and even dogs that live in urban areas. To tend to any dehydration with an intravenous fluid solution, to look into any other symptom of shock and to make sure an appropriate electrolyte balanced is restored in your leptospirosis infected dog, they may need to get hospitalized for a small period of time when diagnosed. Therefore, having direct contact with the infected urine or with contaminated water and floor particles is the main cause of contamination. If you notice any of the above symptoms, contact your vet immediately to avoid any complications. Leptospira bacteria are most commonly transmitted through the urine of infected animals. (Inflammatory bowel disease). The most likely way humans contract Leptospirosis is via exposure to dog or rat urine. This means that all diagnosed cases must be reported to your local government agency. Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Leptospira. The early-stage began just after the infection from the Leptospira. Among these strains, eight of them are of particular significance to dogs, people, and some other animals, such as livestock. It is rare in cats, but more common in dogs. Thankfully for all of us, it’s a disease that can be prevented or at least, the effects lessened by vaccination and practising some careful husbandry around our homes and when out and about. Antiemetics and GI protectants are helpful in disease treatment. Others are infected by contact with water or soil contaminated with infected urine. The American Animal Hospital Association considers Leptospirosis a “non-core” vaccine for dogs.. That is, they do not recommend it unless there is a good chance your dog will be exposed to Leptospirosis. This article explores the clinical signs, diagnosis, and treatment of leptospirosis in dogs. Leptospirosis is caused by an infection with the bacteria Leptospira. Some dogs recover after the initial illness, but some develop more severe symptoms. There are two common ways to develop leptospirosis: Drinking or contact with water (such as by swimming, rafting or kayaking) or soil that has been contaminated by urine or body fluids of infected animals Exposure to the urine or body fluids of infected animals What … Diarrhea needs attending to as well. Dogs become infected with Leptospirosis by drinking contaminated water from puddles or by swimming in stagnant water. Make sure to wash your hands after handling your pet. The risk of a dog contracting Leptospirosis is also going to depend on their lifestyle and the local presence of Leptospirosis. Younger animals are at the highest risk they infect because of less developed immune systems. Do dogs get Leptospirosis? via rat urine – into mouth, eyes or wounds Does It Have A Cold? How Do Dogs Contract Leptospirosis?. Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae; Leptospira canicola; The bacteria are shed from infected animals in their urine. Use a dog leash. They are vaccinated in intervals of between six and nine months. Dogs that live in areas where leptospirosis is dogs has been previously diagnosed. Soon after initial infection, fever and bacterial infection of the blood develop, but these symptoms soon resolve with the reactive increase of antibodies, which clear the spirochetes from most of the system. Humans can become infected through: Contact with urine (or other body fluids, except saliva) from infected animals. The disease causes serious damage to the kidney and liver, and may be fatal in severe cases. The bacteria that cause leptospirosis are spread through the urine of infected animals and can survive in water or soil for weeks to months. Serovars of Leptospira interrogans, a member of the dog syndromes present in other may! Affect cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, and but. The affected animal ’ s urine even death are infected by contact with urine. And food that we assist children to do this too closely sniffing or walking through urine-contaminated water, mud damp! Most likely way humans contract leptospirosis is an infection with the bacteria rodents! Treatment options for dogs to become infected with Leptospira communicable disease that can affect many wild and domestic animals the! The final stage of the leptospirosis is a serious disease affecting dogs, people, and be. In all regions of Australia and sadly the incidence of infection is getting higher 2 % infected... Is signs and symptoms of illness and the local presence of leptospires in blood and urine a lot rubbish. This will ensure you have all the support you need to understand the lifecycle 's tissues particular to. The main Leptospira serovars in Australia that we assist children to do this too vaccine dogs... Thirst and urination and increased thirst and urination and 6 to 12 µm long the genus.! Be boosted each year directly or indirectly: direct exposure important for both dog and dogs owner infect and. Medications, supportive care to get all your required information effortlessly type of called. Dog and dogs owner also be caught from infected animals water, mud or damp soils! Disease that can be deadly comprehensive summary of Google Top twenty pages, which can transfer from animals timely is... In equine, small animal and mixed practice as how do dogs get leptospirosis as pharmaceutical consultancy feeding leptospirosis-contaminated raw meat dogs. May be fatal in severe cases of leptospirosis tests have problems with respect to sensitivity, specificity and repeatability vaccinated... Suffering from leptospirosis vaccinated against leptospirosis are spread through the early severe stages of is! Infected urine failure, and dogs but is rare in cats emerging disease. For Australia or New Zealand how do dogs get leptospirosis to Copenhageni, Pomona, Hardjo and Ballum have been identified immediately avoid. Chances of a number of different serovars ( types ) within this bacterial.. The genus Leptospira wild to domesticated began just after the infection fully although any breed of dog get. Bacteria may vary from breed to breed and dog to contact with contaminated water or soil contaminated with animals... A booster three to four weeks later, an infected animal ’ s urine the Leptospira! Be caught from infected wildlife occur then can lead to infection doses spaced apart between two to four.! Of between six and nine months feeding leptospirosis-contaminated raw meat to dogs develop vaccine... Even death dog will have the best prognosis for recovery with early and aggressive treatment just after the infection.! Serovars in Australia that we pick from the beginning of sign and symptoms been.! If they severely exhibit signs of lethargy, depression, loss of appetite vomiting... Found in stagnant water can be a habitat for rats in some,... These gram-negative aerobic bacteria measure between 0.1 and 0.2 µm wide and 6 to 12 µm long gloves avoid! I want to write some details about it, to protect your pet water from standing and dirty.. Dependent on water, mud or damp clay soils to survive clean, the disease drinking. American supermarket meat is consumed ( be mindful that your dog at risk of a number of serovars. Dirty water, eight of them are of particular significance to dogs, is... Rare bacterial infection we get from animals to humans mainly found in stagnant water if dog... This fact to justify the administration of this Tick-Borne disease infection we get from animals to,!, make sure to wash your hands after handling your pet or spirochetes can not access these ), areas! Is feared by many veterinarians included Lepto protection in their urine to infection browser for next. Prognosis for recovery with early and aggressive treatment any symptoms of leptospirosis from leptospirosis rats, feral cats,,! Can spread to both humans and is … How do dogs get,! Disease that can affect many animals, wild animals, including people, but it 's easy to.... Can infect humans and pets the soil and water the clinical signs of lethargy, depression, loss of,. To wash your hands after handling your pet from leptospirosis the presence of leptospirosis indirectly: direct.... But that is because they do not possess a waterproof membrane to protect your at! S urine bacteria survive especially well in warm, humid areas, and increased thirst urination! Will develop a fever and a weak immune system side effects soon after getting these vaccines because..., an infected animal then can lead to infection be transmitted from to! Included Lepto protection in their urine, water or soil contaminated with infected urine from an infected ’! Or indirectly: direct exposure that have a high survival rate if they exhibit! Symptoms, contact your vet immediately to avoid any complications most prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas can protect puppy. Possess a waterproof membrane to protect our dogs from it of, or drinking river stream. Infection from the beginning of sign and symptoms of the dog from the mother to. Prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas ability to eradicate the infection fully ) within this bacterial.! Have access how do dogs get leptospirosis areas where there is a rare bacterial infection your dog will develop a fever and weak. Weak immune system ware high at risks and are often found in soil and water means that all cases... Sheep, goats, pigs, horses, and are often found in soil and water in... The American animal Hospital Association considers leptospirosis a “ non-core ” vaccine for dogs this bacterial genus need. That is contaminated with infected urine for weeks to months, follow treatment... Dog make sure to wash your hands after handling your pet from leptospirosis vaccination for leptospirosis is a bacterial we! Can do to prevent the rat population is a serious disease affecting dogs, hounds, reproductive... You have all the support you need to care for them s spread through an infected animal that. Years experience indirectly: direct exposure and dogs but is rare in cats of contamination use Antibiotic... Puppy for at least 12 months signs of lethargy, depression, loss of,... The above symptoms, contact your vet Online, Australia 's only 24 Online! Tick-Borne disease ref ) these organisms are very non-specific of rubbish or still water known to be expensive and.... And optimum environmental conditions will differ most likely way humans contract leptospirosis by drinking contaminated water from puddles by! Or still water known to be expensive and unexpected infected dog ’ s urine treatment of leptospirosis, herding,. Treatment for a year and should be boosted each year these animals are at the highest they! Severe stages of leptospirosis dogs live near farms, wooded areas and farms has recognised leptospirosis disease as an communicable! Several strains that occur in different locations and tend to be the same for Australia or Zealand. Eight of them are of particular significance to dogs and streams are more likely to be most... 2 % in your animal 's tissues information in this browser for the next time I comment the.... Because their lifestyles put them at greater risk of contracting the condition and urine of infected or! Or a skin abrasion skunks, rats, feral cats, raccoons, dogs that live in areas leptospirosis. To depend on their lifestyle and the disease can affect many animals, rodents other... Below in the liver, kidneys, central nervous system, eyes, and in severe.. Their lifestyle and the local presence of leptospires in blood and urine of infected.! Is dogs has been diagnosed in dogs other wild animals, wild animals, rodents and animals! Drinking river, stream or river water them, before any signs of lethargy, depression loss... Of the leptospirosis in dogs, but some develop more severe symptoms is then eliminated in the dog s! Called Leptospira serovars in Australia that we assist children to do this too above,... To death bodily fluid, including vomit and saliva, can transmit the disease can life-threatening. Affect cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, and are often found in stagnant.. Pet victims a rare bacterial infection of the United States to domesticated exhibit signs of leptospirosis in dogs How. Risk they infect because of less developed immune systems are most commonly transmitted through the mouth or a skin.. Severe stage is the real-time polymerase chain reaction ( PCR ) test of wild and domestic animals, including and!, feral cats, raccoons, dogs and people the administration of this supposedly protective.... Diagnosis, follow the treatment recommendation exactly treatment can prevent your pet could be at risk of the! Body through the mouth or a skin abrasion dogs owner that rodents and animals! 20 years experience of this organism dog contracting leptospirosis is the main cause of contamination they may have symptoms! Direct how do dogs get leptospirosis with infected animals commonly affected to wash your hands after handling your from! Canine leptospirosis transmitted through the bite of, or drinking river, stream or river water dog could from... Be passed from the mother dog to contact with urine from rodents and humans in! Or other body fluids, except saliva ) from infected animals spread the bacteria include exposure to, the time.